Cavities – A Cavity develops when a tooth or part of the tooth gets infected with bacteria and breaks down.It develops a hole that can grow bigger and deeper as it progresses.

Treatment of Cavities- Early Detection and Treatment: When you gets a pain in the tooth or jaw or an ear ache , or throbbing in the mouth, it is generally due to a cavity. For immediate relief , a pain killer can be given after consulting with the dentist. Next a dental appointment must be fixed . The dentist will examine the tooth to check if there is a cavity.A radiograph may be needed to identify the cavity . Once the reason for pain is confirmed , treatment can be done. Restoration or Filling:- A radiograph shows the complete extent and location of the cavity .

The dentist will fix tooth decay by removing the rotted part of the tooth with a drill and then filling the hole in the tooth with a special filling material . the material could be a resin or a combination depending on which tooth has the cavity . So the choice is between :

1) Glass Ionomer Filling Matierals

2) Composites

3) Silver Amalgam

4) Inlay

Composite Fillings

Existing fillings sometimes need to be replaced due to wear, chipping, or cracking. Many people use this opportunity to replace their silver amalgam fillings with natural, tooth-colored composites. Their reasons may be aesthetic, or concern over the safety of amalgam fillings, which contain mercury. Composite fillings tend to wear out sooner than silver fillings in larger cavities, although they hold up as well in small cavities.


Bonding is a procedure in which a tooth-colored resin is applied and hardened with a special light, ultimately "bonding" the material to the tooth to improve a person's smile. Among the easiest and least expensive of cosmetic dental procedures, bonding can repair chipped or cracked teeth, close gaps, change the shape of teeth, or be used as a cosmetic alternative to silver amalgam fillings.